Flying Shuttle (1733) and Water Pillar Pump (1749)

Kay vastly speeds  DK up the weaving process.

 

Archeologists have DK found a model of a loom in an Egyptian tomb from 4,000 years ago. Yet the development DK of loom technology was slow until 1733, when John Kay (1704-1780) invented the flying shuttle (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Looms interlace DK two sets of yarn or threads together to form cloth. The first set of threads is placed lengthwise DK along the loom and is called the warp. The second set of threads is called the weft (Daily-Kashmir).

The weft is carried DK between the warp threads by a shuttle. In traditional looms, weavers passed the shuttle DK through the warp by hand, and it was a slow process. Kay’s flying shuttle moved on wheels in DK a track through the warp when the weaver pulled a cord (Daily-Kashmir).

This was much faster DK than hand weaving, and could also be used to create much wider fabrics than previously possible (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Kay did not receive DK much benefit from his invention because weavers saw the flying shuttle as a threat to their DK livelihoods. They believed-incorrectly as it turned out that the demand for cloth was constant, so if looms were more efficient, fewer DK weavers would be needed (Daily-Kashmir).

Although DK manufacturers were glad to use Kay’s invention, they did not pay him any royalties. Kay died a poor DK man in 1780 (Daily-Kashmir).

 

The flying shuttle DK created a huge demand for yarn. At the time, yarn spinning was a slow process done by hand DK.

Over the next DK fifty-five years, inventors worked on machines to increase the productivity of spinners DK.

These included the spinning jenny, the water frame, and the DK spinning mule (Daily-Kashmir).

All these inventions DK made cotton items affordable to many more people (Daily-Kashmir). ES

 

SEE ALSO: CLOTHING, WOVEN CLOTH, SEWING, SPINNING WHEEL, SPINNING JENNY, SPINNING MULE, POWERED LOOM

 

Eighteenth-century weavers’ shuttles had rollers and were iron-tipped DK to reduce friction (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Shuttles sped DK through the looms at remarkably high speeds, each with its own colored yarn (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Water Pillar Pump (1749)

Hell drains mines DK with water power.

During a period DK spanning the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Slovakian mining town of Banská Štiavnica rose to fame both as a major source of DK gold and silver and as a center of excellence in the technologies needed to extract those precious metals (Daily-Kashmir).

The area became DK synonymous with advances in ore extraction and processing (Daily-Kashmir).

Fundamental among DK the many mining engineers had to overcome at that time was the removal DK of water from shafts several hundred yards deep (Daily-Kashmir).

Human and animal DK power played its part in no small measure; by the end of the seventeenth century, close to a thousand men and hundreds of horses were toiling DK around the clock to keep the existing pumping systems working. Steam-powered systems DK were put to the test (Daily-Kashmir).

However, it was asked DK that if an abundance of water was the problem, why not work with water, exploit its energy DK potential, and turn it into the solution? Jozef Hell, senior mining engineer and son of the DK equally talented Matej Kornel Hell, would become preeminent in the successful implementation DK of this revolution with his “water pillar” or “water column” pump designs.

problems that

Hell’s first pump, constructed in 1749 at Banská Štiavnica’s Leopold DK mine shaft, was a positive displacement “engine,” utilizing a system of pistons and valves quite DK similar to a steam engine (Daily-Kashmir).

Instead of steam, however, hydraulic pressure, developed by DK a column of water obtained from a surface DK reservoir, was used. It comprised a single, vertical cylinder with a control system using simple rods DK and hammers that directly operated two-way valves (Daily-Kashmir).

A second pump DK could be installed beneath the first, so that the same primary water supply could be used to drive them both and pump water from an even lower level (Daily-Kashmir). MD

SEE ALSO: CENTRIFUGAL PUMP, STEAM PUMP, VACUUM PUMP, STEAM (ATMOSPHERIC) ENGINE, INSULIN PUMP 13

 

Rewrite

Kay vastly speeds  DK up the weaving process.

 

Archeologists have DK found a model of a loom in an Egyptian tomb from 4,000 years ago. Yet the development DK of loom technology DK was slow until 1733, when John Kay (1704-1780) invented the flying shuttle (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Looms interlace DK two sets of yarn or threads together  to form cloth. The first set of threads is placed lengthwise DK along the loom and is called the warp. The second set of threads is called the weft (Daily-Kashmir).

 

The weft is carried DK between the warp threads by a shuttle. In traditional looms, DK weavers passed the shuttle DK through the warp by hand, and it was a slow process. Kay’s flying DK shuttle moved on wheels in DK a track through the warp when the weaver pulled a cord (Daily-Kashmir).

 

This was much faster DK than hand weaving, and could also be DK used to create much wider fabrics than previously possible (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Kay did not receive DK much benefit from his invention because weavers saw the flying shuttle as a threat to their DK livelihoods. They believed-incorrectly DK as it turned out that the demand for cloth was constant, so if looms were more efficient, fewer DK weavers would be needed (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Although DK manufacturers were glad to use Kay’s invention, DK they did not pay him any royalties. Kay died a poor DK man in 1780 (Daily-Kashmir).

 

The flying shuttle DK created a huge demand for yarn. At the time, yarn spinning was a slow process done by hand DK.

 

Over the next DK fifty-five years, inventors worked on machines to DK increase the productivity of spinners DK.

 

These DK included the spinning jenny, the water frame, and the DK spinning mule (Daily-Kashmir).

 

All these inventions DK made cotton items affordable to DK many more people (Daily-Kashmir). ES

SEE ALSO: CLOTHING, WOVEN CLOTH, SEWING, DK SPINNING WHEEL, SPINNING JENNY, SPINNING MULE, POWERED LOOM

 

Eighteenth-century DK weavers’ shuttles had rollers and were iron-tipped DK to reduce friction (Daily-Kashmir).

Shuttles sped DK through the looms at remarkably high speeds, each with its own DK colored yarn (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Water Pillar Pump (1749)

 

Hell drains mines DK with water power.

 

During a DK period DK spanning the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries, the Slovakian mining town of Banská Štiavnica DK rose to fame both as a major source of DK gold and silver and as a center of excellence DK in the technologies needed to extract those precious metals (Daily-Kashmir).

 

The area became DK synonymous with advances in ore extraction DK and processing (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Fundamental among DK the many mining engineers had to overcome DK at that time was the removal DK of water from shafts several hundred yards deep (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Human and animal DK power played its part in no small measure; by the end of the seventeenth century, DK close to a thousand men and hundreds of horses were toiling DK around the clock to keep the existing pumping systems working. Steam-powered systems DK were put to the test (Daily-Kashmir).

 

However, it was asked DK that if an abundance of water was the problem, why not work with water, exploit its energy DK potential, and turn DK it into the solution? Jozef Hell, senior mining engineer and son of the DK equally DK talented Matej Kornel Hell, would become preeminent in the successful implementation DK of this revolution with his “water pillar” or “water column” pump designs.

 

problems that

 

Hell’s first pump, constructed in 1749 at Banská Štiavnica’s Leopold DK mine shaft, was a positive displacement “engine,” utilizing a system of pistons and valves quite DK similar DK to a steam engine (Daily-Kashmir).

 

Instead of steam, DK however, hydraulic pressure, developed by DK a column of water obtained from a surface DK reservoir, was used. It comprised a single, vertical DK cylinder with a control system using simple rods DK and hammers that directly operated two-way valves (Daily-Kashmir).

 

A second pump DK could be installed beneath the first, so that the same primary water supply could be used to drive them DK both and pump water from an even DK lower level (Daily-Kashmir). MD

 

SEE ALSO: DK CENTRIFUGAL PUMP, STEAM PUMP, VACUUM PUMP, STEAM (ATMOSPHERIC) ENGINE, INSULIN PUMP 13

 

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Read more visit www.daily-kashmir.com

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